Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lowest part of your rectum and anus. There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids are so far inside your rectum that you can't usually see or feel them. External hemorrhoids are under the skin around your anus.
The blood vessels in your rectum and around your anus often stretch so thin due to surrounding pressure that the veins bulge and are prone to inflammation and irritation. Increased pressure on the lower rectum that in turn produces hemorrhoids can be caused by:
Symptoms of hemorrhoids are dependent on the type of hemorrhoid present. Internal hemorrhoid symptoms include but are not limited to:
External hemorrhoid symptoms include but are not limited to:
It is important to note that in some instances, blood can pool in external hemorrhoids and form a clot. This is known as a thrombosed hemorrhoid and can cause the following symptoms:
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, contact your primary care physician for an appointment.
Your doctor will examine your anus and rectum to determine the presence of hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids can often be seen with a simple visual examination of the anus. Internal hemorrhoids, however, require digital examination in which your doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved, finger into the rectum to feel for any abnormalities.
More often than not, hemorrhoids clear up on their own within a week. When they do not, and they cause continual bleeding, pain, or discomfort then the following treatments may be applied:
To find out more about Hemorrhoids at Gastrointestinal Diagnostic Centers, call the office or request an appointment online today.